By | August 1, 2017

Blood cancer is  a tumor which affects the production and functions of blood cells.It hurts the blood, bone marrow, lymph and lymphatic system.It starts in bone marrow where blood is produced.

Blood Cancer Types

Blood cancer types are classified into three parts. They are:

Leukemia:
It is type of cancer found in bone marrow and blood.It is caused by rapid production of abnormal white blood cells.The high quantity of abnormal white blood cells are not able to fight with infection.

Lymphoma:
It affects lymphatic system.It is also one type of blood cancer.It removes excess fluid from body and produces immune cells.This cancerous cells impair your immune system.

Myeloma:
It  is one type of cancer of plasma cells.It prevent the normal production of antibodies.It makes body’s immune system weakened and susceptible of infection.

Blood Cancer Symptoms

The various symptoms of blood cancer are

  • Fever
  • Joint Pain
  • Weakness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Shortness of breath
  • Frequency infection
  • Itchy skin
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck,underarms

Treatment of blood cancer

Stem Cell Transplantation:
A stem is collected from  the bone marrow, circulating blood and umbilical and blood. A stem cell transplant infuses healthy blood forming stem cells into the body.

Chemotherapy:
Chemotherapy is the use of anticancer drugs which interfere with and halt the growth of cancer cells in the body.It consists of giving several drugs together in a set regimen.

Radiation therapy:
It used to destroy cancer cells or relieve pain or discomfort.It may also given before stem cell transplant.

Reference: DAMS Notes

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